Maximizing Efficiency and Agility: Strategies for Effective Kubernetes Migration

Roman Glushach
19 min readSep 19, 2023
Migrating to Kubernetes

Kubernetes is a popular platform for managing containerized applications in a scalable and reliable way.

However, migrating existing applications to Kubernetes can be challenging, especially if they were not designed with Kubernetes in mind:

  • Assessing the readiness of your applications and infrastructure for Kubernetes
  • Choosing the right migration approach: lift-and-shift, refactor, or rebuild
  • Leveraging tools and best practices for migration planning and execution
  • Testing and monitoring your migrated applications for performance and reliability
  • Managing the cultural and organizational changes that come with Kubernetes adoption

Define Goals

Before you start migrating to Kubernetes, you need to have a clear understanding of your current environment and your desired outcomes.

You should ask yourself questions such as:

  • What are the main drivers and objectives for migrating to Kubernetes?
  • What are the current pain points and limitations of your existing infrastructure?
  • What are the key performance indicators (KPIs) and service level objectives (SLOs) that you want to achieve or improve with Kubernetes?
  • What are the technical and business requirements and constraints that you need to consider?
  • What are the risks and dependencies that you need to mitigate or resolve?

By answering these questions, you can define your migration scope, priorities, timeline, budget, and success criteria. You can also identify the gaps and opportunities for improvement in your current environment and plan how to address them with Kubernetes.

Path of Migration Journey

Assessing the Readiness of System

Assessing the Readiness of Applications

Before you start migrating your applications to Kubernetes, you need to assess their readiness for the platform.

This involves evaluating factors such as:

  • The architecture and design of your applications: are they modular, stateless, and loosely coupled? Do they follow the 12-factor app methodology? Do they use microservices or monoliths?
  • The dependencies and integrations of your applications: do they rely on external services or databases? How do they communicate with each other and with other systems?
  • The scalability and availability of your applications: how do they handle load balancing, fault tolerance, and high availability? How do they scale up or down based on demand?
  • The security and compliance of your applications: how do they handle authentication, authorization, encryption, and auditing? Do they meet the regulatory and industry standards that apply to your business?
  • The portability and compatibility of your applications: are they compatible with the Kubernetes API and runtime environment? Do they use standard or proprietary formats and protocols? Do they run on Linux or Windows containers?

Based on these factors, you can classify your applications into categories:

  • Ready: these are applications that are already designed for Kubernetes or can be easily adapted to it. They are modular, stateless, loosely coupled, scalable, secure, and portable. They can be migrated to Kubernetes with minimal changes or no changes at all
  • Partially ready: these are applications that have some aspects that are compatible with Kubernetes and some that are not. They may be monolithic, stateful, tightly coupled, or use proprietary technologies. They can be migrated to Kubernetes with some modifications or refactoring
  • Not ready: these are applications that are not suitable for Kubernetes at all. They may be legacy, complex, or custom-built systems that rely on specific hardware or software features. They cannot be migrated to Kubernetes without significant rewriting or rebuilding

Assessing the Readiness of Infrastructure

You also need to assess the readiness of your infrastructure for Kubernetes.

This involves evaluating factors such as:

  • The capacity and performance of your infrastructure: do you have enough resources (CPU, memory, disk, network) to run your applications on Kubernetes? How will you provision and manage these resources?
  • The compatibility and interoperability of your infrastructure: do you have the right tools and platforms to support Kubernetes? How will you integrate Kubernetes with your existing systems (such as storage, networking, security, monitoring)?
  • The reliability and availability of your infrastructure: how will you ensure that your infrastructure is resilient to failures and disasters? How will you backup and restore your data and configurations?
  • The security and compliance of your infrastructure: how will you protect your infrastructure from unauthorized access and attacks? How will you enforce policies and rules across your clusters?

Based on these factors, you can classify your infrastructure into categories:

  • Ready: these are infrastructures that are already optimized for Kubernetes or can be easily configured to support it. They have sufficient capacity, performance, compatibility, reliability, security, and compliance. They can host your applications on Kubernetes with minimal changes or no changes at all
  • Partially ready: these are infrastructures that have some aspects that are compatible with Kubernetes and some that are not. They may have limited capacity, performance, compatibility, reliability, security, or compliance. They can host your applications on Kubernetes with some adjustments or enhancements
  • Not ready: these are infrastructures that are not suitable for Kubernetes at all. They may have insufficient capacity, performance, compatibility, reliability, security, or compliance. They cannot host your applications on Kubernetes without significant upgrading or replacing

Assess Compatibility with Kubernetes APIs and Tools

It’s essential to evaluate its compatibility with Kubernetes APIs and tools. This includes assessing whether the application can work with Kubernetes’ containerization model, networking policies, and storage solutions. It’s also important to check if the application requires any specific features that may not be supported by Kubernetes.

To do this, developers can review the application’s codebase and configuration files to identify any potential issues. They can also use tools like kubectl to validate the application’s API calls and determine if they align with Kubernetes’ API conventions. Additionally, developers can leverage Kubernetes’ built-in features, such as the kubelet and kubernetes commands, to further inspect the application’s behavior and identify areas that may require modification.

Identify Dependencies on Legacy Systems or Hardware

Many applications have dependencies on legacy systems or hardware that may not be compatible with Kubernetes. For example, an application may rely on a specific database system or file storage solution that is not supported by Kubernetes. In such cases, developers need to either modify the application to use Kubernetes-compatible alternatives or find alternative solutions that can coexist with the existing infrastructure.

To identify these dependencies, developers can conduct a thorough analysis of the application’s architecture and interview key stakeholders who understand the application’s requirements. They can also use tools like Kubernetes’ Network Policies and ConfigMaps to map out the application’s dependencies and visualize how they interact with each other. By doing so, developers can create a comprehensive plan to address any identified dependencies and ensure a successful migration to Kubernetes.

Review Licensing and Compliance Requirements

It’s crucial to review licensing and compliance requirements to avoid any legal or security issues. Developers must ensure that their application meets open-source licensing standards and complies with industry regulations, such as GDPR or HIPAA, when handling sensitive data.

To achieve this, developers can consult with legal experts and conduct a thorough review of the application’s licensing agreements and terms. They can also utilize tools like SPDX (Software Package Data Exchange) to generate bill-of-materials reports that highlight the open-source components used in the application, along with their corresponding licenses. Additionally, developers can engage with Kubernetes’ community-driven governance model to stay informed about the latest developments in open-source software licensing and compliance best practices.

Planinng

It’s essential to have a clear understanding of the application, its dependencies, and the requirements for running it on Kubernetes.

The following steps should be taken during the planning phase:

  • Identify the application components, such as frontends, backends, databases, and APIs
  • Determine the dependencies between these components, including libraries, frameworks, and other software
  • Analyze the resource requirements for each component, including CPU, memory, storage, and network bandwidth
  • Evaluate the current infrastructure and determine which parts can be reused or replaced
  • Define the target state architecture, including the desired deployment model (e.g., monolithic, microservices), networking topology, and storage configuration
  • Develop a timeline and roadmap for the migration process, including milestones and deadlines

Containerization

Not all workloads are suitable for containerization, so it’s crucial to evaluate each workload carefully.

Here are some factors to consider when determining whether a workload is suitable for containerization:

  • Stateless Services: Stateless services, such as web servers, API gateways, and caching layers, are ideal candidates for containerization. They do not require persistent storage, and their load balancing and scalability can be easily managed by Kubernetes
  • Stateful Services: Stateful services, such as databases, file systems, and messaging queues, can also be containerized but require more careful planning. Kubernetes provides several tools, such as Persistent Volumes (PVs), Persistent Volume Claims (PVCs), and ConfigMaps, to manage stateful data
  • Batch Processing: Batch processing workloads, such as data processing, scientific simulations, and machine learning tasks, can benefit significantly from Kubernetes’ ability to scale resources dynamically
  • Real-time Data Processing: Real-time data processing workloads, such as streaming analytics, monitoring systems, and chatbots, may require specialized hardware or software, making them less suitable for containerization. However, if these workloads can be parallelized, Kubernetes can still provide benefits like scalability and fault tolerance

Analyzing Resource Utilization and Requirements

Accurately analyzing resource utilization and requirements is critical to ensuring a successful migration to Kubernetes. The analysis should cover both the existing infrastructure and the expected resource needs after migration.

Consider the following factors when analyzing resource utilization and requirements:

  • Compute Resources: Estimate the number of nodes required to handle the workload, considering factors like CPU architecture, core count, and RAM capacity
  • Storage Requirements: Determine the amount of storage needed for persisting data, including the size of Persistent Volumes (PVs) and Persistent Volume Claims (PVCs)
  • Networking Requirements: Evaluate network bandwidth and latency demands, taking into account factors like service discovery, load balancing, and pod communication patterns
  • GPU and FPGA Requirements: If your workloads rely on Graphics Processing Units (GPUs) or Field-Programmable Gate Arrays (FPGAs), verify that Kubernetes supports these accelerators and plan accordingly

Choosing a Deployment Model

When setting up a Kubernetes environment, the first decision is choosing the deployment model.

  • On-Premises Deployment: An on-premises deployment offers greater control over infrastructure and data, better suiting organizations with sensitive data concerns. However, this approach requires managing hardware, maintenance, and upgrades yourself
  • Cloud Deployment: A cloud deployment provides easier scalability and reduced administrative burdens since the underlying infrastructure is managed by the cloud provider. Popular cloud providers offering managed Kubernetes services include Amazon Elastic Kubernetes Service (EKS), Google Kubernetes Engine (GKE), and Azure Kubernetes Service (AKS)
  • Hybrid Deployment: A hybrid deployment combines on-premises and cloud environments, allowing you to take advantage of both models. For example, you can host non-sensitive workloads in the cloud and keep sensitive ones on-premises

Selecting a Managed Platform

A managed platform provides convenience and ease of management at the cost of slightly lower flexibility and customization.

  • Managed Platforms: Amazon Elastic Kubernetes Service (EKS), Google Kubernetes Engine (GKE), and Azure Kubernetes Service (AKS) are popular managed platforms. They offer automated upgrades, easy scaling, and integrated monitoring tools. These platforms manage the underlying infrastructure, freeing your team to focus on application development and deployment
  • Custom Approach: With a custom approach, you manage the entire Kubernetes cluster, giving you complete control over configuration and customization. This path requires significant expertise and resources but allows for tailoring the environment precisely to your organization’s needs

Choose the Right Migration Approach

Depending on your goals and requirements, you can choose from different migration approaches.

Some of the common ones are:

  • Lift-and-shift: This is the simplest and fastest approach, where you move your existing applications and services to Kubernetes without making any changes to them. This can be suitable for legacy or monolithic applications that are not designed for cloud-native environments, or for applications that have low complexity and low dependencies. However, this approach may not leverage the full potential of Kubernetes and may require more resources and maintenance
  • Replatform: This is a more advanced approach, where you make some minor changes to your application to optimize it for Kubernetes, such as adding health checks, logging, metrics, or configuration management. This can improve the performance and reliability of your application on Kubernetes, but it may require some additional testing and validation
  • Refactor: This is a more complex and time-consuming approach, where you modify or rewrite your applications and services to make them more compatible with Kubernetes. This can be suitable for modern or microservices-based applications that are designed for cloud-native environments, or for applications that have high complexity and high dependencies. However, this approach may introduce new bugs or errors and may require more testing and validation
  • Hybrid: This is a combination of the previous two approaches, where you migrate some parts of your applications and services as-is, while refactoring others. This can be suitable for applications that have mixed characteristics or requirements, or for applications that need to be migrated incrementally

Choose the Right Migration Tools

To facilitate your migration process, you can also use various tools and frameworks that can help you automate, orchestrate, monitor, and troubleshoot your migration tasks.

Some of the popular ones are:

  • Kompose: This is a tool that converts Docker Compose files into Kubernetes resources, such as deployments, services, or volumes. This can help you migrate your existing Docker-based applications to Kubernetes with minimal changes
  • Helm: This is a package manager for Kubernetes that allows you to create, deploy, and manage applications using charts. Charts are collections of YAML files that describe the resources and configurations of an application. Helm can help you simplify and standardize your application deployment and management on Kubernetes
  • Istio: This is a service mesh for Kubernetes that provides a uniform way to connect, secure, control, and observe services. Istio can help you enhance your service discovery, load balancing, traffic routing, security, observability, and resilience on Kubernetes
  • Prometheus: This is a monitoring system for Kubernetes that collects and stores metrics from various sources, such as pods, nodes, services, etc. Prometheus can help you measure and analyze the performance and health of your applications and services on Kubernetes
  • Grafana: This is a visualization tool for Kubernetes that allows you to create dashboards and alerts based on the metrics collected by Prometheus. Grafana can help you visualize and communicate the status and trends of your applications and services on Kubernetes

Plan Node Sizes, Numbers, and Availability Zones

When designing a scalable and resilient Kubernetes cluster, it’s essential to plan the node sizes, numbers, and availability zones carefully. The node size determines the computing resources available for running applications, while the number of nodes affects the overall capacity of the cluster. Availability zones provide redundant infrastructure to minimize downtime due to hardware failures or other disruptions.

  • Determine the compute requirements for applications: Consider factors such as CPU, memory, and storage needs, as well as any specific resource demands from your workloads
  • Choose appropriate node sizes and quantities: Based on your compute requirements, select suitable node sizes and determine how many nodes you need to handle the workload. Ensure that each node has sufficient resources to run multiple containers and maintain performance during high traffic or demand periods
  • Define availability zones: Divide your nodes into different availability zones to ensure redundancy and minimize the impact of outages. Each zone should have at least one node to maintain service availability

Configure CPU, Memory, and Storage Resources

Properly configuring CPU, memory, and storage resources is crucial for efficient cluster utilization and application performance.

  • Allocate CPU and memory resources: Use CPU and memory requests/limits to allocate resources to containers. This ensures that containers receive the necessary resources without over-provisioning or under-provisioning
  • Configure storage resources: Provide adequate storage for your clusters using options like Persistent Volumes (PVs), Persistent Volume Claims (PVCs), or Container Storage Interface (CSI). Store data persistently across nodes using distributed storage solutions like GlusterFS, Ceph, or NFS

Set Up Network Policies and Segmentation

Network policies and segmentation enable secure communication between pods and external networks, while isolating workloads to prevent interference or attacks.

  • Implement network policies: Use Kubernetes NetworkPolicys to control traffic flow between pods within or across namespaces. Restrict access to sensitive resources or services, while allowing necessary communications
  • Segment the network: Utilize techniques like VLANs, subnets, or CIDR notation to segregate parts of your network for better isolation and security. Apply network policies to enforce communication rules between segments

Deploying and Managing Persistent Storage

Persistent storage ensures data survives even if pods or nodes fail. You must choose the right storage option, configure StatefulSets and PVCs, and ensure data persistence and protection across nodes.

Select a suitable storage solution based on considerations like performance, scalability, durability, and cost:

  • GPFS (Gluster File System): A distributed file system ideal for large-scale, high-performance workloads
  • Ceph: A highly scalable, fault-tolerant storage solution with support for block, object, and file storage
  • NFS (Network File System): A protocol for sharing files across networks, commonly used for persistent volume storage

Configure StatefulSets and Persistent Volumes Claims

StatefulSets manage stateful applications that require stable, long-term storage. PVCs request storage resources from a PV.

  • Create StatefulSets: Define StatefulSets with appropriate storage settings, like PersistentVolumeReclaimPolicy and PodManagementPolicy
  • Create Persistent Volume Claims: Specify desired storage capacities and access modes (ReadWriteOnce, ReadOnlyMany, or ReadWriteMany) for PVCs. Match PVCs with corresponding PVs

Ensure Data Persistence and Protection Across Nodes

Ensure data consistency and integrity by implementing measures like replication, erasure coding, or snapshots. Regular backups safeguard against data loss.

  • Enable replication: Use technologies like Gluster Geo-replication, Ceph RADOS Gateway, or NFS Replication to synchronize data across multiple nodes or sites
  • Implement erasure coding: Techniques like Reed-Solomon coding or fountain codes can recover lost data when storing large amounts of data across distributed environments
  • Schedule backups: Regularly create backups of critical data to protect against unexpected losses

Implementing Security and Access Controls

Kubernetes provides various mechanisms to secure your cluster and control access to resources.

Use Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) to restrict access to Kubernetes objects based on roles assigned to users or groups. Grant permissions according to the principle of least privilege.

  • Create roles: Define roles tailored to specific tasks, such as admin, developer, or operator. Assign permissions using Verbs (create, update, delete) and Resource Names (pods, namespace, deployment)
  • Bind roles to subjects: Associate roles with user accounts, groups, or service accounts. Use tools like kubectl apply or Helm to manage role bindings

Integrate your Kubernetes cluster with existing identity management systems to leverage centralized authentication and authorization. Common solutions include Active Directory, OpenLDAP, or FreeIPA.

  • Configuring AD integration: Use tools like Azure AD Provider for Kubernetes or kube-rbac-ad to integrate with Active Directory
  • Configuring LDAP integration: Utilize projects like Kyverno or kldap to connect to LDAP servers for authentication and authorization

Monitor and Audit Logs for Security Breaches and Issues

Monitor and analyze logs to detect potential security threats, troubleshoot issues, and improve compliance. Use tools like Fluentd, Elasticsearch, Kibana, or Stack Overflow for log collection and analysis.

  • Configure logging: Set up logging agents like Fluentd or ELK to collect logs from nodes, pods, and services. Forward logs to a centralized logging platform
  • Enable auditing: Activate auditing features in your Kubernetes components, including API server, controller manager, and scheduler. Collect audit logs in a dedicated storage area for later analysis

Planning Data Migration Strategies

Before starting the data migration process, it’s crucial to plan and strategize carefully:

  • Identify Databases and Data Stores That Need Migration: The first step is to identify which databases and data stores need to be migrated. This includes assessing the current data landscape, identifying the source systems, and determining which data needs to be moved to the target system
  • Choose Appropriate Migration Methods: There are different methods for migrating data, including dump/restore, replication, and ETL (Extract, Transform, Load). The choice of method depends on factors such as the size of the data set, the distance between the source and target systems, and the required speed and accuracy
  • Schedule Downtime or Perform Zero-Downtime Migrations: Migrating data often requires downtime, which means taking the system offline temporarily. However, zero-downtime migrations are also possible, where the data is migrated incrementally without disrupting the system’s availability. When scheduling downtime, consider the impact on users, stakeholders, and business operations

Relational databases store structured data using tables, rows, and columns. Migrating these databases requires careful planning and execution:

  • Understand Database Dependencies and Relationships: It’s important to understand the relationships between tables, views, stored procedures, and other database objects before starting the migration process. This helps avoid potential issues during the transition
  • Perform Schema and Data Consistency Checks: After migrating the data, it’s essential to verify its integrity and consistency. Run schema and data consistency checks to detect any errors or inconsistencies and address them promptly

NoSQL databases and data stores store unstructured or semi-structured data, offering greater flexibility than traditional relational databases. Migrating these systems requires a slightly different approach:

  • Assess Document Structure and Data Types: NoSQL databases use various data models, such as key-value pairs, documents, graphs, and more. Before migrating, evaluate the document structure and data types used in the source system to determine the best approach for moving the data
  • Optimize Performance and Scaling Settings: NoSQL databases require proper configuration for optimal performance and scaling. After migrating the data, fine-tune the settings to meet the demands of the application and user base. Monitor performance metrics and adjust parameters accordingly

Deploy

Setting up CI/CD pipelines

Automating build, test, and deployment processes is at the heart of CI/CD. This allows developers to focus on writing code rather than manually building and testing software.

Here are some steps to follow when setting up CI/CD pipelines:

  • Choose a CI tool: There are many CI tools available, such as Jenkins X, GitHub Actions, and CircleCI. Each tool has its strengths and weaknesses, so it’s essential to choose one that fits your team’s needs. Consider factors like ease of use, scalability, and integrations with other tools
  • Configure your pipeline: Once you’ve chosen a CI tool, you need to configure your pipeline. This involves defining the steps involved in building, testing, and deploying your software. For example, you might want to run unit tests, integrate with a version control system, and deploy to a cloud platform
  • Integrate with version control systems: Version control systems like Git are essential for managing code changes. You can integrate your CI pipeline with a version control system using techniques like GitOps. This ensures that changes made to the code trigger automatic builds and deployments
  • Define build and test jobs: Build and test jobs are critical components of a CI pipeline. These jobs compile code, run tests, and package software into deployable artifacts. You can define these jobs using scripts like Bash or Python
  • Set up deployment jobs: Deployment jobs take the output from build and test jobs and deploy it to production environments. You can use tools like Kubernetes, Ansible, or Terraform to automate deployment processes
  • Monitor and optimize pipelines: Finally, monitor your pipelines regularly to identify bottlenecks and areas for optimization. You can use analytics tools like Prometheus and Grafana to collect metrics and visualize pipeline performance.

Monitoring application performance and collecting feedback is crucial for improving software quality.

Here are some ways to implement continuous monitoring and feedback loops:

  • Monitor application performance: Use tools like New Relic, Datadog, or AppDynamics to monitor application performance. These tools provide insights into CPU usage, memory consumption, error rates, and user experience
  • Collect metrics and log data: Metrics and logs help you understand how users interact with your software. Tools like Prometheus, Grafana, and Elasticsearch allow you to collect and analyze metrics and logs. You can also use distributed tracing tools like Jaeger or Zipkin to track requests across services
  • Use feedback loops: Feedback loops help you respond to issues quickly. For example, if an error occurs in production, you can use a feedback loop to notify developers immediately. They can then investigate the issue, fix it, and deploy a new version without delay
  • Implement continuous improvement: Continuous improvement is about learning from mistakes and iterating on software features. Encourage team members to experiment with new approaches and gather feedback from users. Use retrospectives to reflect on past projects and identify opportunities for growth

Test and Validate Migration Outcomes

Verify that applications are working as expected and meeting your goals. You should perform various tests and validations, such as:

  • Functional testing: This is to ensure that your applications and services are functioning correctly on Kubernetes. You should test all the features and functionalities of your applications and services using different scenarios and inputs
  • Performance testing: This is to ensure that your applications and services are performing optimally on Kubernetes. You should test the scalability, reliability, availability, latency, throughput, etc. of your applications and services using different loads and conditions
  • Security testing: This is to ensure that your applications and services are secure on Kubernetes. You should test the authentication, authorization, encryption, compliance, etc. of your applications
    and services using different threats and attacks
  • User acceptance testing: This is to ensure that your applications and services are satisfying your users on Kubernetes. You should test the usability, accessibility, user experience, feedback of your applications and services using different users and devices

Optimize

Regularly Review and Update the Migration Plan

The migration plan should be a living document that evolves alongside your application and cloud environment. Schedule regular reviews to assess the effectiveness of the migration, identify lessons learned, and incorporate improvements into future iterations. Updating the plan regularly ensures that it remains relevant and actionable.

Monitor Industry Trends and Adopt New Technologies

Stay informed about emerging technologies, platforms, and best practices in cloud computing. Attend conferences, read industry blogs, and engage with peers to learn from their experiences. Identify opportunities where new tools or methodologies can enhance your application’s performance, security, or efficiency.

Encourage Feedback From Stakeholders and Users

Solicit input from stakeholders and end-users regarding their experience with the migrated application. Gather feedback through surveys, focus groups, or dedicated channels for suggestions. Analyze this feedback to pinpoint areas that require improvement or additional optimization. This feedback loop fosters collaboration and ensures the application continues to meet business and user needs effectively. By actively seeking out input from those who are directly impacted by the migration, we can identify and address any issues promptly, enhancing the overall quality and functionality of the application. This approach also helps build trust and rapport between our team and stakeholders, demonstrating our commitment to delivering exceptional results and continual improvement.

Post-Migration Monitoring and Maintenance

It’s essential to monitor its performance, fix issues promptly, and continuously improve the deployment.

The following tasks should be performed regularly:

  • Monitor application metrics, such as response time, error rates, and resource usage, to detect anomalies and optimize performance
  • Update the application and its dependencies regularly to address security vulnerabilities, fix bugs, and add new features
  • Perform regular backup and restore exercises to ensure data availability and disaster recovery capabilities
  • Continuously evaluate and refine the Kubernetes deployment strategy, including optimizing resource utilization, improving network latency, and reducing costs

Train Operations Teams

Train operations teams are responsible for ensuring the availability, performance, and security of the Kubernetes cluster and the applications running on it. They need to have the skills and knowledge to troubleshoot issues, perform backups and restores, apply updates and patches, monitor metrics and logs, and implement best practices for cluster and application management.

Training operations teams on these topics can help them to:

  • Reduce downtime and improve service quality by quickly resolving problems and preventing them from recurring
  • Increase efficiency and productivity by automating tasks and optimizing resource utilization
  • Enhance security and compliance by applying policies and controls to protect the cluster and the applications from unauthorized access and malicious attacks
  • Foster innovation and collaboration by enabling developers to deploy and update applications faster and easier.

Therefore, training operations teams on managing and maintaining the Kubernetes cluster and applications is crucial for achieving business goals and delivering value to customers.

Conclusion

Migrating to Kubernetes can be a complex undertaking, but with careful planning, execution, and post-migration optimization, organizations can reap substantial benefits in terms of efficiency, agility, and scalability.

--

--

Roman Glushach

Senior Software Architect & Engineer Manager at Freelance