Container Registry: The Essential Tool for Working with Docker Images

Roman Glushach
4 min readJul 27, 2023


Container Registry and Docker Images

Container registry is a centralized repository for storing and distributing Docker container images. It enables developers to share and deploy applications as images with ease. Container registries are essential in the deployment of containerized applications, providing a quick, dependable, and secure means of distributing container images across various production environments.

Well-known container registries

Comparison table

Why do you need one?

A container registry is a repository of container images that can be accessed by various tools and platforms, such as Docker, Kubernetes, or Azure DevOps.

A container image is a file that contains everything you need to run a containerized application, such as the code, libraries, dependencies, and configuration. A container image can be built from a Dockerfile, which is a text file that specifies the instructions for creating the image.

A container registry allows you to store, manage, and distribute your container images in a centralized and secure way.

Some of the benefits of using a container registry are:

  • Portability: You can run your application on any environment that supports containers, without worrying about compatibility issues or dependencies
  • Scalability: You can easily scale your application by adding or removing containers as needed, without affecting the performance or availability of other components
  • Isolation: You can isolate your application from other processes and resources, ensuring security and stability
  • Efficiency: You can optimize your resource utilization by running multiple containers on a single host, reducing overhead and costs

Types of container registries

There are different types of container registries that you can choose from depending on your needs and preferences:

Points to consider when choosing the right container registry

There are many options available for choosing a container registry, depending on your needs and preferences. Some of the factors that you should consider when choosing a container registry are:

  • Features: What features does the container registry offer? For example, does it support private or public repositories? Does it support multiple architectures or platforms? Does it support scanning for vulnerabilities or compliance issues? Does it support webhooks or notifications?
  • Performance: How fast and reliable is the container registry? For example, how long does it take to push or pull an image? How much storage space and bandwidth does it consume? How scalable and resilient is it?
  • Security: How secure is the container registry? For example, how does it authenticate and authorize users or clients? How does it encrypt and store the images? How does it protect against malicious attacks or data breaches?
  • Cost: How much does the container registry cost? For example, how much do you have to pay for storage space, bandwidth usage, or additional features? Are there any hidden fees or limitations?
  • Compatibility: How compatible is the container registry with other tools and services that you use? For example, does it work well with your CI/CD pipeline, orchestration platform, cloud provider, or development environment?
  • Ease of use: You should look for a container registry that is easy to use and compatible with your tools and workflows. You should check the user interface and documentation of the service, and test its functionality and usability with your existing tools and platforms.

How to use a container registry effectively?

Once you have chosen a container registry service that suits your needs, you can start using it to store and manage your container images.

Here are some of the steps:

  • Create an account or sign in to your chosen container registry service
  • Create or configure a repository for storing your images. A repository is a collection of related images that share the same name but have different tags or versions
  • Build or pull your images from your local machine or another source using (Docker/Podman) tool
  • Push or upload your images to your repository using (Docker/Podman) tool
  • Tag or label your images with meaningful names or identifiers. You can use tags or labels to organize your images by purpose, version, environment
  • Scan or inspect your images for vulnerabilities or issues. You can use tools or services provided by your chosen container registry service or third-party vendors to scan or inspect your images
  • Pull or download your images from your repository using (Docker/Podman) tool
  • Deploy or run your images on your target platform or environment. You can use tools such as Kubernetes or Docker Compose to deploy or run your images

Use cases

  • developing a web application that consists of multiple microservices that run in containers: use a container registry to store and manage your microservice images, and deploy them to different environments using Kubernetes
  • creating a machine learning model that runs in a container: use a container registry to store and manage your model image, and integrate it with other services such as data sources, pipelines, frameworks
  • publishing a software package that runs in a container: use a container registry to store and distribute your package image, and allow other users to access and use it

Helpful Points for Using a Container Registry

Common problems and solutions


Container registries are essential services for developers who work with containers. They allow you to store, manage, and distribute your container images in a centralized and secure way.



Roman Glushach

Senior Software Architect & Engineer Manager at Freelance